A common nitrogen-based fertiliser with the chemical formula (NH2)2CO is urea. It is a white, crystalline solid with a high nitrogen content, which makes it a crucial source of this fertiliser for plants. Urea is a fertiliser that comes in the form of granules or prills and dissolves rapidly in water, making it appropriate for both foliar and soil applications. When urea is added to the soil, it gradually breaks down into ammonia and carbon dioxide, releasing nitrogen that helps plants grow healthily and yield more from their crops. It is one of the most widely used fertilisers in the world since it is frequently employed in agriculture to give diverse crops with an easily accessible source of nitrogen. Application timing and rates must be right to ensure efficiency and avoid environmental problems like nutrient runoff.